Coordinating conjunctions often connect two complete thoughts in a sentence. You can remember these words by the acronym FANBOYS, which stands for For, And, Nor, But, Or, Yet, and So.
Let’s go over that by looking at this formula:
COMPLETE THOUGHT + FANBOYS + COMPLETE THOUGHT.
Here’s what that looks like in a sentence:
The cat ate the pizza, and she thought it tasted good.
“The cate at the pizza” is a complete thought, and “she thought it tasted good” is a complete thought (note that they could both stand on their own as separate sentences). The coordinating conjunction “and” joined the two complete thoughts.
Do you notice anything else about the sentence? A comma goes before the coordinating conjunction when it separates two complete thoughts. That’s the last part of our formula. Now it looks like this:
COMPLETE THOUGHT + COMMA + FANBOYS + COMPLETE THOUGHT.
Let’s look at examples for each of the FANBOYS:
For: The cat ate the pizza, for she was hungry.
And: The cat went to the restaurant, and she ate the pizza.
Nor: The cat does not like pineapple pizza, nor does she like mushroom pizza.
But: The cat doesn’t like mushroom pizza, but she ate it because it was free.
Or: The cat could eat pizza, or she could eat tacos.
Yet: The cat went to the restaurant, yet she could have had a pizza delivered.
So: The cat was really hungry, so she ate four slices of pizza.
To sum up: FANBOYS are words (called “coordinating conjunctions”) that often join two complete thoughts into one sentence. A comma goes before FANBOYS in this situation.
Erin Servais is a book editor, author coach, and founder of Dot and Dash LLC, an author-services company. To learn how she can help you with your next book project, check out http://www.dotanddashllc.com or email Erin@dotanddashllc.com.