When determining whether to use bring or take, consider movement.
Use bring when moving something toward a specific place or person.
Sally brings the potato salad to Jerry.
Frieda is bringing her salsa-dancing skills to the stage.
The dog brought his human to the park.
Use take when moving something away from a specific place or person.
Dolly takes the books from the library.
Marge is taking her favorite sweater back from Nina.
Larry took advice from his boss.
Casual speech: When speaking with friends and others using informal speech, bring and take are often used interchangeably. However, it’s good to know the difference when the situation calls for formal speech or writing.
Choose either bring or take to fill in the blanks below.
- In the past, Marty always ______ his famous nacho cheese dip to the party.
- The dog ______ her leash to her human when she wants to go out.
- “I can’t stand Charles anymore,” she said. “All he does is ______ things from me!”
- Tracy is _______ what she learned in the classroom and is _______ it to the real world.
- Layla ______ her second-place trophy from the award table.
Answers: 1) brought 2) brings 3) take 4) taking, bringing 5) took
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When considering the word everyone, it makes sense to think of many people in a group. The natural conclusion then is to believe everyone is plural. It’s not. Everyone is singular.
One way to think about it is that everyone refers to each individual in a group.
Take this example:
Everyone who is attending the Ice Creams of the World festival likes ice cream.
It would be odd for a person who loathes ice cream to go to a festival celebrating that dessert, so it’s safe to say each individual person in that group enjoys it.
Because everyone is singular, it takes a singular verb. Look again at our example sentence above. The verb in it is “likes,” which is singular and would be used with singular pronouns, such as “he” and “she.”
Here are more examples:
Everyone dances uniformly in ballet class.
Everyone under five eats free.
Everyone needs to file the form in triplicate.
Each sentence has a singular verb because everyone is a singular pronoun.
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In casual usage, people interchange may and might. However, there is a slight difference that is useful to know.
May means something is more likely to happen.
Might means something is less likely to happen.
There may be food at the party.
There might be someone dressed in a killer whale costume at the party.
What’s a party without food? It’s very likely there would at least be hors d’oeuvres there; that’s why we use may. But, I know I have never been to a party where someone was dressed as a killer whale. It’s safe to say you’d be less likely to encounter that (unless you were going to a killer whale costume party), which is why we use might.
Think of degrees of likelihood. The closer the situation is to “will happen,” use may. The closer it is to “won’t happen,” use might.
Note that this does not apply to past tense. The past tense of may is might. Why? Because English loves to be confusing! So, if you are writing or speaking in the past tense, always use might.
Choose may or might for each sentence.
1) I’m feeling lucky today. I _____ win the big jackpot.
2) I _____ eat a cookie today, just as I do every day.
3) There _____ be a huge asteroid careening toward Earth that will land on my front lawn.
4) Eight hundred higher-qualified candidates applied for the job, but Clyde _____ get the position.
5) Clyde is the only person who applied for the job. He _____ just get it!
1) might 2) may 3) might 4) might 5) may
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Many people use “penultimate” to mean “more than ultimate,” but the word actually has a very narrow (and different) definition. Here’s what Merriam-Webster says:
So in a list, “penultimate” would refer to the next-to-last item. On a train ride, it would mean the next-to-last stop.
And in this photo of fantastic chickens, the chicken on the left would be the “penultimate chicken.”
What Does “Ultimate” Mean?
“Ultimate,” however, has multiple meanings.
One is “final.”
Example: Harry’s “ultimate” destination is Mars.
Another is “eventual.”
Example: Harry’s “ultimate” goal is universal domination.
It also means “fundamental.”
Example: Harry’s “ultimate” nature is pure evil.
Now you know, and you can correct your friends much to their chagrin (just like I do)!
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One of the ways we use the suffix –ful is to explain how much of something exists somewhere. Or, as my go-to dictionary, Merriam-Webster, puts it:
This means in our question of “Is it handfull or handful?” the answer is handful with one L.
However, as you can see in the dictionary’s example, handful isn’t the only use of this suffix. Basically, anything that can hold something can get the –ful suffix.
roomful can hold people
bucketful can hold apples
eyeful can hold beautiful visions
oceanful can hold fish
glassful can hold juice
pocketful can hold tiny treasures
spaceshipful can hold aliens
You get the gist. Now here’s how they work in sentences:
The kitten held out a pawful of jewels to its human.
Frida unleashed a brainful of magical powers onto the bad guys.
The lizard discovered a desertful of hot sand and rocks to enjoy.
Now go forth and use your –ful suffix with vigor.
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