UPDATE: A friend of mine pointed out that he sees a lot of people also using past time instead of pastime. So, I have rewritten this post to include this error, as well.
I noticed a couple of days ago in a book I’m editing that the author confused pass time with pastime, and I thought that meant perhaps others are having trouble with these words, too. Here’s a quick lesson to help you learn the difference between pastime, pass time, and past time.
A pastime (Note the spelling with one s.) is a hobby, or, as the Oxford English Dictionary puts it, “a diversion or recreation which serves to pass the time agreeably; an activity done for pleasure rather than work; a hobby; a sport, a game. Also: a practice commonly indulged in.”
To pass time means to spend time doing something.
Past time means, essentially, you should have done something before now.
To remember the difference, think of these sentences:
You pass time with your pastime.
It is past time for you to do your pastime.
Here are more examples:
The nerd’s pastime is reading comic books.
The nerd passes time reading comic books.
It is past time that the nerd reads his comic books.
The jock passed time beating up nerds.
Beating up nerds was the jock’s pastime.
It is past time that the jock stops beating up nerds.
Here’s a quiz to test your understanding. The answers are below.
1. Freddy liked to _______ by sewing stuffed animals.
2. Freddy’s other _______ was mountain climbing.
3. Freddy thought it was _______ that he found a new hobby.
4. Marsha enjoyed the _______ of playing poker.
5. Marsha looked at her bank account and realized it was _______ that she win a poker game.
6. Marsha tried to _______ by watching television, but it didn’t stop her from worrying about the Martian attack.
7. The Martians had an interesting _______, which was teaching humans to do tricks.
1. pass time 2. pastime 3. past time 4. pastime 5. past time 6. pass time 7. pastime