Fortnight and Four Score

Lesson: Understanding uncommon names for units of time

Most units of time are easy enough to grasp. Day, week, hour. Yeah, got it. We learned that in first grade. But when it comes to more obscure terms, it’s easy to get confused. That’s why today we’re learning about fortnight and four score.

Fortnight = fourteen days (a.k.a. two weeks)
I think most Americans have heard of this term, though I suspect most of us are unaware of how long a fortnight actually is. Fortnight, which is derived from the Old English word fēowertyne niht, means “fourteen nights.” The term is much more common in Great Britain, which spread the term to New Zealand and Australia, among other countries.

Just for the heck of it, here’s a quote from one of my favorite linguists, Samuel Johnson, where he drops the fortnight bomb:

“When a man knows he is to be hanged in a fortnight, it concentrates his mind wonderfully.”

Four Score = eighty
I think the main reason most of us these days have even heard of this antiquated term is because of Abraham Lincoln’s famous “Gettysburg Address,” which begins:

“Four score and seven years ago, our fathers brought forth on this continent a new nation, conceived in Liberty and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal.”

Here, the four score and seven years means eighty-seven years, and it refers to the amount of time that had passed at the time of the speech since our country was founded in 1776.

Using the terms
If you live in America and you ask, “Mind if I crash at your place for a fortnight?” you’re probably going to get some weird looks. Likewise, I doubt you will find a “Happy Four Score Birthday, Grandpa!” card at the drug store. So, I wouldn’t be too concerned about finding a way to incorporate these two terms into your regular vocabulary, but it does come in handy, every once in a while, to know what they mean.

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2 thoughts on “Fortnight and Four Score

  1. I find it difficult to comprehend that black people and the rest of the colored peoples and the poor don’t realize that the Republican party is the same party that had been filmed laughing and giggling about how it was great to be rich and privileged white people and when Al Gore was elected then they would be back in control of taxes and they would get their taxes cut and finally having some good news. ..at Al Gore’s fund raising party..yes private. ..

  2. I find it even more difficult to comprehend that many people of color are unaware that it was the Republican party that first fought to end slavery, costing the life of Abraham Lincoln, it’s absolute best President. Equally a cause of incredulity is the ignorance by many of color to the fact that every Jim Crow law passed in the south and every attempt to strip them from the rights gained through the Civil War was a singular effort by Democrats and the Democrat party, without any Republican support. Finally, of special note is the Civil Rights act that was originally proposed by Republicans in the 1950’s when Democrats ruled the House of Representatives, but which they vehemently opposed until they could later claim almost identical legislation as their own. The politics of which are disgusting, as in democrats were more concerned about getting credit for the Act than giving civil rights to anyone when the opportunity presented itself years earlier. That is say nothing of the fact that they didn’t have the votes to get the earlier version passed anyway. What could have been a Bi-Partisan effort, uniting the country, instead became a manipulative ploy democrats used to label themselves the defenders of civil rights. What a farce!

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